Jim Christian


My research concerns the global carbon cycle and climate change, feedbacks between ocean ecosystems and atmospheric trace gas concentrations, and anthropogenic impacts on the ocean such as ocean acidification and geoengineering through ocean fertilization.


Tesdal, J.-E., J.R. Christian, A.H. Monahan, and K. von Salzen, 2016. Sensitivity of modelled sulfate aerosol and its radiative effect on climate to ocean DMS concentration and air-sea flux. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, in revision

Christian, J.R., and J. Holmes, 2016. Changes in albacore tuna habitat in the northeast Pacific Ocean under anthropogenic warming. Fisheries Oceanography, in press

Tesdal, J.-E., J.R. Christian, A.H. Monahan, and K. von Salzen, 2016. Evaluation of diverse approaches for estimating sea-surface DMS concentration and air-sea exchange at global scale. Environmental Chemistry 13: 390-412

Séférian, R., M. Gehlen, L. Bopp, L. Resplandy, J. C. Orr, O. Marti, J. P. Dunne, J. R. Christian, S. C. Doney, T. Ilyina, K. Lindsay, P. Halloran, C. Heinze, J. Segschneider, and J. Tjiputra, 2015. Inconsistent strategies to spin up models in CMIP5: implications for ocean biogeochemical model performance assessment. Geoscientific Model Development 9: 1827-1851

Christian, J.R., 2014. Timing of the departure of ocean biogeochemical cycles from the preindustrial state. PLoS One 9, doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0109820

Anderson, T.R., J.R. Christian, and K.J. Flynn, 2014. Modeling DOM Biogeochemistry. pp. 635-667 in D.A. Hansell and C.A. Carlson, eds., Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, 2nd edition, Elsevier.

Schwinger, J., J.F. Tjiputra, C. Heinze, L. Bopp, J.R. Christian, M. Gehlen, T. Ilyina, C.D. Jones, D. Salas-Melia, J. Segschneider, R. Seferian, and I. Totterdell, 2014. Non-linearity of ocean carbon feedbacks in CMIP5 earth system models. Journal of Climate 27: 3869-3888

Deal, C.J., N. Steiner, J. Christian, J.C. Kinney , K. Denman, S. Elliott, G. Gibson, M. Jin, D. Lavoie, S. Lee, W. Lee, W. Maslowski, J. Wang, and E. Watanabe, 2014. Progress and challenges in biogeochemical modeling of the Pacific Arctic Region. pp. 393-445 in J.M. Grebmeier and W. Maslowski, eds. The Pacific Arctic Region: Ecosystem Status and Trends in a Rapidly Changing Environment. Springer.

Steiner, N.S., J.R. Christian, K. Six, A. Yamamoto, and M. Yamamoto-Kawai, 2014. Future ocean acidification in the Canada Basin and surrounding Arctic Ocean from CMIP5 earth system models. Journal of Geophysical Research 119, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009069

Arora, V.K., G.J. Boer, P. Friedlingstein, M. Eby, C.D. Jones, J.R. Christian, G. Bonan, L. Bopp, V. Brovkin, P. Cadule, T. Hajima, T. Ilyina, K. Lindsay, J.F. Tjiputra, and T. Wu, 2013. Carbon-concentration and carbon-climate feedbacks in CMIP5 Earth system models. Journal of Climate 26: 5289–5314.

Steiner, N.S., W.G. Lee, and J. R. Christian, 2013. Enhanced gas fluxes in small sea ice leads and cracks - Effects on CO2 exchange and ocean acidification. Journal of Geophysical Research 118, doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20100

Christian, J.R. and M.G.G. Foreman, eds. 2013. Climate Trends and Projections for the Pacific Large Aquatic Basin. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3032. xi-113p.

Denman, K.L., J.R. Christian, N. Steiner, H.O. Pörtner, and Y. Nojiri, 2011. Potential impacts of future ocean acidification on marine ecosystems and fisheries. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68: 1019-1029.

Arora, V.K., J.F. Scinocca, G.J. Boer, J.R. Christian, K.L. Denman, G.M. Flato, V.V. Kharin, W.G. Lee, and W.J. Merryfield, 2011. Carbon emission limits required to satisfy future representative concentration pathways of greenhouse gases. Geophysical Research Letters 38, doi: 10.1029/2010GL046270.

Christian, J.R., 2011. The North Pacific Ocean in the enhanced greenhouse: simulations with the Canadian Earth System Model CanESM1. pp. 9-15 in M.G.G. Foreman and Y. Yamanaka, eds., Report of Working Group 20 on Evaluations of Climate Change Projections. PICES Sci. Rep. No. 40.

Christian, J.R., V.K. Arora, G.J. Boer, C.L. Curry, K. Zahariev, K.L. Denman, G.M. Flato, W.G. Lee, W.J. Merryfield, N.T. Roulet, and J. F. Scinocca, 2010. The global carbon cycle in the Canadian Earth System Model (CanESM1): Preindustrial control simulation. Journal of Geophysical Research 115, doi:10.1029/2008JG000920

Arora, V.K., G.J. Boer, C.L. Curry, J.R. Christian, K. Zahariev, K.L. Denman, G.M. Flato, J.F. Scinocca, W.J. Merryfield, and W.G. Lee, 2009. The effect of terrestrial photosynthesis down regulation on the twentieth-century carbon budget simulated with the CCCma Earth System Model. Journal of Climate 22: 6066-6088

Zahariev, K., J.R. Christian, and K.L. Denman, 2008. A global ocean carbon model with new parameterizations of iron limitation, calcification, and N2 fixation: preindustrial, historical, and fertilization simulations. Progress in Oceanography 77: 56-82


Expertise Categories associated with this S&T Expert:

Ocean climate
          Biological oceanography
          Ocean climate
Ocean climate
     Biological oceanography